The United States Marshal Service, or US Marshals, is the primary Federal law enforcement office for the United States. They investigate crimes, pursue fugitives, guard courthouses, deliver convicts to Federal penitentiaries, and even conduct espionage operations in foreign nations, as needed by the Justice Department, throughout all 148 states and territories of the United States.
In the 21st Century, the US Federal Government had several sub-bureaus underneath the watchful eye of the Department of Justice, such as the FBI, the BATFE, and the DEA. After the Second Civil War, these departments were consolidated into the United States Marshals, and have been ever since.
The US Marshals recruits from those of all walks of life, as they are needed throughout the history of the United States. Such prominent personages as Wild Bill Hickok, Frederick Douglass, Virgil, Morgan, and Wyatt Earp, have been US Marshals.
Most Marshals are Special Deputies, which indicates that they were recruited by Deputy or full Marshals for their skills. Full Marshals or Deputy Marshals have undergone some law enforcement training. Such officers are always at the lead of Marshal Squads, who are comprised of Marshals, Deputy Marshals, and Special Deputies. Most often, a Squad is assembled to handle one case, and often disbanded after the conclusion of a case (usually the apprehension or death of a wanted fugitive) They are given resources and special dispensation to the pursuit of a case, and after which are disbanded. Others, especially out in the Frontier, continue serving together on multiple cases as needed. Special Deputies can resign at any time. Deputy Marshals must serve a minimum of four years before they are allowed to resign. Full US Marshals may resign at any time.
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